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Overview

Frenchman Louis Renault built his first passenger motorcar in 1898. By 1913 Renault had grown into one of the largest French car producers, building 20% of cars made in France. Its early cars (prior to the outbreak of WW2) were well built if slightly uninspiring. Models ranged from small family cars, taxi cabs (most cabs in Edwardian London were Renault), luxury models to rival Rolls-Royce and commercial vehicles.

By 1945 Renault had become a nationalised company and began exporting cars in large numbers of its new post-war range. Landmark models from Renault have included innovating models as diverse as the Renault 4, 16 (one of the first family hatchbacks), 5, 5 Turbo (one of the finest "80's hot-hatches"), 25, Espace (first European "people carrier"), Clio, Clio Williams and the Megane.

Source: Motorbase

1899-to date

In 1898 Louis Renault used the engine from his De Dion-Bouton quadricycle to power a tiny front-engined voiturette that he had designed. It had shaft drive, with direct drive in top gear, and was one of the definitive designs of the early motorcar era.

Production of similar cars by the Renault Frères began in 1899 and sales were brisk. Early models had De Dion-Bouton or Aster engines and radiators on the bonnet sides, but from 1903 the firm was making its own power units and dashboard-mounted radiators were introduced in 1904 – a Renault feature well into the 1920s. The firm won many early motor races, with its ultimate success being victory in the world's first Grand Prix race at Le Mans in 1906.

By 1907 Renault was the largest French manufacturer of motor vehicles. Until the Great War the cars were most often seen in the form of the twin-cylinder models, both as private cars and taxicabs, although various larger models were also available. Renault became state-owned in 1945.

Source: Society of Automotive Historians in Britain

Models produced by Renault

10

10

1965-1971

11

11

1983-1989

11 Turbo

11 Turbo

1984-1989

12

12

1969-1980

12 Gordini

12 Gordini

1970-1975

12/16 Tourer

12/16 Tourer

1910-0

14

14

1976-1982

15

15

1971-1979

16

16

1964-1979

16TS

16TS

1968-1976

16TX

16TX

1973-1979

17

17

1971-1979

18

18

1978-1987

18 Turbo

18 Turbo

1980-1985

19

19

1986-1994

19

1988-0

20

20

1975-1984

21

21

1985-1995

21 Turbo

21 Turbo

1988-1992

25

25

1984-1992

30

30

1975-1984

4 Combi

4 Combi

1972-1984

4/4L

4/4L

1961-1992

4CV

4CV

1946-1961

4CV R1052 Sport

1952-1956

5

5

1972-1985

5 Convertible

5 Convertible

1985-1989

5 Gordini Turbo

5 Gordini Turbo

1976-1981

5 Gordini Turbo

5 Gordini Turbo

1982-1984

5 GT Turbo

5 GT Turbo

1986-1991

5 Supercinque

5 Supercinque

1984-0

5 Turbo 2

5 Turbo 2

1983-1986

6

6

1968-1980

7 TL

7 TL

1974-1982

8

8

1962-1972

8 Gordini

8 Gordini

1964-1970

8 Major/8-1100

8 Major/8-1100

1964-1969

9

9

1982-1989

9 Turbo

9 Turbo

1984-1987

Alpine A110

Alpine A110

1973-1973

Avantime

Avantime

1999-0

Caravelle

Caravelle

1962-1968

Celtaquatre

Celtaquatre

1934-1935

Celtaquatre

Celtaquatre

1936-1939

Clio 3 Door

Clio 3 Door

2004-2004

Clio 5 Door

Clio 5 Door

2004-2004

Clio Williams

Clio Williams

1993-0

Dauphine

Dauphine

1956-1965

Dauphine Gordini

Dauphine Gordini

1957-1968

Espace

Espace

1985-1991

Estafette

Estafette

1965-1971

Floride

Floride

1958-1963

Fregate

Fregate

1951-1960

Fuego

Fuego

1980-1986

GTA

GTA

1986-1993

Juvaquatre

1938-1939

Juvaquatre

Juvaquatre

1939-1948

Kangoo

2004-2004

KZ

KZ

1930-1932

Laguna 5 Dr Hch

2004-2004

Laguna Sport

Laguna Sport

2004-2004

Megane 3 Dr Hth

Megane 3 Dr Hth

2004-2004

Megane 5 Dr Htch

Megane 5 Dr Htch

2004-2004

Megane CC

Megane CC

2004-2004

Monaquatre

Monaquatre

1934-1935

Monasix/Monastella

Monasix/Monastella

1930-1932

Nervasport

Nervasport

1936-1937

Nervastella

Nervastella

1934-1935

Novaquatre

Novaquatre

1938-1939

Prairie

Prairie

1953-1959

Primaquatre

Primaquatre

1936-1939

Rambler

Rambler

1964-1964

Reinastella

Reinastella

1930-1933

Rodeo

Rodeo

1970-1976

Safrane

Safrane

1992-0

Scenic II

Scenic II

2004-2004

Spider

Spider

1997-?

Tourer

Tourer

2004-2004

Type A

Type A

1898-0

UY

UY

1932-1932

Vel Satis

2004-2004

Viva Grand Sport

Viva Grand Sport

1936-1939

Vivaquatre

Vivaquatre

1933-1935

Vivasix/Vivastella

Vivasix/Vivastella

1930-1932

Vivasix/Vivastella

1933-1935