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Overview

Produced: 1994-2001
Types: Saloon,4 doors
Estate,5 doors
Audi A4 Avant, Heavily Customized, Blue
The Audi A4 is a compact executive car produced by the German automaker Audi AG since late 1994. The initial generation A4 succeeded the four previous generations of the Audi 80.

Since its inception, the Audi A4 has been available in four generations, based on the Volkswagen Group 'B' series of automobile platforms - usually known by the following codes - the initial B5, the subsequent B6 and B7, and the current B8.

Of the main body styles, it is (and has been) always available as a saloon/sedan variant, and an "Avant", which is Audi's name for an estate/wagon. The second (B6) and third generations (B7) of the A4 also had a Cabriolet version, but the Cabriolet was not retained for the current fourth generation (B8), due to the introduction of the Cabriolet version of the related Audi A5 and S5 coupés.

Additionally, higher performance versions directly related to the A4 include the Audi S4, and the limited availability very high performance Audi RS4.

The first-generation Audi A4 (known internally as the Typ 8D) was debuted by Audi in 1994, with production starting November 1994. It was built on the Volkswagen Group B5 platform, which it shared with the fourth generation Volkswagen Passat (B5, Typ 3B). It had a front-mounted longitudinal engine and standard front-wheel drive, and many variations of the A4 were also available with Audis' 'trademark' quattro four-wheel drive system. The A4 was initially introduced as a four-door saloon/sedan; the Avant (estate/wagon) arrived a year later.

A wide range of engines were available to European customers, between 1.6 and 2.8 litres for petrol engines, and a 1.9 L diesel engine available with Volkswagen Group's VE technology, capable of achieving a 90 PS (66 kW; 89 bhp) or 110 PS (81 kW; 108 bhp), although Audi's 2.8 L V6, carried over from the old 80/90 was the only engine option in North America until 1997.

The Audi A4 was the first model in the Volkswagen Group to feature the new 1.8 L 20v motor with five valves per cylinder, based on the unit Audi Sport had developed for their Supertouring race car. A turbocharged version produced 150 PS (110 kW; 148 bhp) and 210 newton metres (155 ft·lbf) torque. This technology was added to the V6 family of engines in 1996, starting with the 2.8 L V6 30V, which now produced 193 PS (142 kW; 190 bhp).

Audi also debuted their new tiptronic automatic transmission on the B5 platform, based on the unit Porsche developed for their 964-generation 911. The transmission is a conventional automatic gearbox with a torque converter, but it offers the driver a choice of driving the car as either a fully automatic operation, or with a manual override of the gear ratios.

Source: Wikipedia

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